Towards Speculative Services for an Inclusive Society: Understanding the relationships between systemic-, service- and speculative design

Zijun Lin | Beatrice Villari

Department of Design, Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Birger Sevaldson

Institute of Design, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Norway

Social exclusion needs to be studied from a comprehensive and exploratory perspective as a complex and systemic social problem, and there is an urgent need to promote social transformation towards an inclusive society. Over the past decade, Speculative Design has shown great potential as a critical approach to exploring the future and dealing with social issues. Also, there has been growing discussion about the approaches and applications of Service Design and Systemic Design to social issues and complex system problems. Complexity is a keyword in common for coping with social transformation and these three approaches. Further, to reach an inclusive society, designers have to face complex systems and wicked problems at different scales, from government, organizations, communities to final users, even including a non-human perspective. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to build a more comprehensive understanding of speculative design, service design, and systemic design themselves and the relationships between them by drawing together discussions from existing literature. This paper aims to support the startup of new research exploring whether integrating these three design approaches can support the systemic inclusive social transformation.

Keywords: systemic social transformation, systemic design, service design, speculative design

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Posted September 2021

©­ Author, published by the Systemic Design Association

Open Access article published under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License. This permits anyone to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or form according to the licence terms.

Suggested Citation Format (APA)

Author(s) (20##). Article title. Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD#) Symposium.