Justyna Swat and Dan Lockton
“We don’t see things as they are; we see them as we are.” – Anaïs Nin, from The Seduction of the Minotaur, 1961—but see also discussion of the history of this idea.
Worldviews are an important concept, inherent in one way or another in a number of frameworks and approaches related to systemic design, including transition design and causal layered analysis, as well as broader cultural, political, philosophical and psychological perspectives. Manifesting worldviews is, by some definitions, something along the lines of interrelated sets of beliefs and assumptions about the world, a frame of reference in which everything presented to us by our diverse experiences can be placed – a belief system.
Manifesting worldviews as belief systems
Belief systems are systems, but we don’t often see them explored in this ‘systems’ sense, linking individuals’ psychology to the wider constellations of sociotechnical and ecological understandings and beliefs within which we are situated. In systems thinking and cybernetics, the idea of the worldview can take on a particular significance because we are very conscious that the “whole system” can rarely be perceived. We are often working with a recognition that there are different cognitive points of view of a system, from the standpoints of different people or entities within it, and that seeking out and taking on different worldviews (or perhaps the related idea of mindsets) within a system can be a way of understanding it better. Worldviews are also related to notions of imaginaries in the sociological sense –not just beliefs about how the world works, but how it should work, and so also inherently concerned with futures: how the world should be.
Literacy with a system, the ability both to read it and to ‘write’ (or change) it, is one way in which worldviews connect to people’s perceived agency within systems, influencing their experience and actions. In some ways, the perceived ‘rules’ of a system—what (it is believed) is possible, for whom, with what results, what should happen, what shouldn’t, with what consequences—can be seen as a structure that links both worldview and perceived agency.
But what does it mean to explain or articulate your worldview? How to manifest it, meaning how to make it more evident to oneself and/or to others? Converting internal processes and more or less hidden entangled assumptions into a material form?
Externalizing things that one focuses on in a conscious or unconscious manner can provide access to additional cognitive resources we can use to process the same information in a different way? Our hypothesis is that it is not easy to “externalise” a worldview and to share with others, nor indeed to “take on” another’s worldview, without a process scaffolding or supporting those manifestations. Perhaps being prompted to reflect on your worldview, in a specific context, is itself part of a continuous process of construction and reconstruction that can increase our understanding of multiple perspectives.
Manifesting Worldviews addresses systemic design methods and practices directly. Specifically, exploring “worldviews” as a topic will involve “playing with tensions’ ‘ through challenging participants to articulate and share ideas which will very often involve ambivalence, inconsistencies, and debate. There might be no right or wrong worldview, but tensions might come from the scale or frame of description, multiple realities.
We will build on methods around physicalising and externalising ideas, beliefs, and perceptions, from previous RSD workshops, and other creative practices in art, design, and architecture, to invite participants to help develop fragments of a process together, and to explore, collaboratively, how to manifest, understand, and share one’s own worldview, and others’.
90 minutes | maximum 40 participants | materials and space to build or draw
Workshop Agenda: Manifesting worldviews
Over 90 minutes, in three stages:
- Externalising individually
- Collaborating to understand each other’s worldviews
- Reflecting together as a group on both the worldviews themselves and the methods or approaches used.
Our aim is to arrive at a set of what we might think of as tentative prototype tools for engaging with worldviews in participatory systemic design settings, as well as providing participants with a chance to consider their own thinking in new ways.
All participants will be, if interested, invited to be part of a team developing the methods further in a systemic design context for future workshops and publications.
Aerts, Diederik, et al. “World Views.” From Fragmentation to Integration. Brussel: VUB Internet Editions (2007).
Boehnert, J. (2019). ‘Transition Design and Ecological Thought’. Cuaderno 73, Centro de Estudios en Diseño y Comunicación, 133–148.
Inayatullah, S. (2004). ‘Causal Layered Analysis: Theory, historical context, and case studies’ in Inayatullah, S. (ed.), The Causal Layered Analysis (CLA) Reader: Theory and Case Studies of an Integrative and Transformative Methodology. Tamkang University Press, 8–49.
Jasanoff, S. and Kim, S-H. (2015). Dreamscapes of Modernity: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and the Fabrication of Power. University of Chicago Press.
Koltko-Rivera, M.E. (2004). ‘The Psychology of Worldviews’. Review of General Psychology 8(1), 3–58, https://doi.org/10.1037%2F1089-26220.127.116.11
Levitt, C (2020) “The Inner Studio: A Designer’s Guide to the Resources of the Psyche”
Lockton, D., Brawley, L. Aguirre Ulloa, M., Prindible, M., Forlano, L., Rygh, K., Fass, J.,
Herzog, K., Nissen, B. (2019). ‘Tangible Thinking: Materializing how we imagine and understand interdisciplinary systems, experiences, and relationships’. Workshop at RSD8: Relating Systems Thinking and Design Symposium 2019, 17–19 October 2019, Chicago. Available at http://imaginari.es/tangible
Luria, M., Mills, U., Brown, J., Herzog, K., Rodriguez, L., Vitoorakaporn, S., LeFevre, J., Guilfoile, C., Kahle, N., Dong, K., Nip, J., Dev, A., Glass, K., Jin, Z., Kwon, S., Wolf, A. and Lockton, D. (2021). ‘Materialising Mental Health: Design Approaches for Creative Engagement with Intangible Experience’. In: Lupton, D. and Leahy, D. (eds.), Creative Approaches to Health Education. London: Routledge.
Nold, C. (2021). ‘Towards a Socio-material Framework for Systems in Design’. UAL Social Design Institute work-ing paper no.2, March 2021
Wahl, W. (2016). “Believing is seeing and seeing is believing” Excerpt from Designing Regenerative Cultures https://designforsustainability.medium.com/believing-is-seeing-and-seeing-is-believing-3b0043a0824f