How Many Ecologies? From Bateson to Guattari and back again

Format: Papers, RSD11, RSD11: Different stories in design (Bateson), Topic: Socioecological Design

Jon Goodbun

Fifty years ago, 1972 saw the publication of two broadly systems-theoretic books, both of which, by any reckoning, had a significant impact: Gregory Bateson’s Steps to an Ecology of Mind and Giles Deleuze and Felix Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus.

In this short paper, I extract and summarise some moments from a larger study I am working on, in which I speculatively read Bateson and Guattari (and with Deleuze) together. This is partly an exercise in historically and conceptually unpacking the various brief though significant references to Bateson that are to be found in Deleuze and Guattari’s writings. But it is also a transversal historical speculation, in which I suggest that we can find a much bigger, much more interesting and largely unflagged pattern of responses to Bateson in their work.

Extending recent scholarship that has started to re-explore Deleuze and Guattari’s relationship to Bateson, I argue that, in fact, there are no less than three distinct periods of—always a combination of explicit and implicit— engagement. Firstly, in Anti-Oedipus, they acknowledge and work creatively with Bateson’s double-bind concept, even whilst being critical. However, I argue that their engagement with Bateson is much more extensive and interesting than a normative reading suggests.

In their second joint work, A Thousand Plateaus, published in 1980, their previously critical concerns about Bateson seem to have abated, and in addition to a couple of short, respectful remarks at a few points in their text, they also acknowledge the concept of the “plateaux” and the “rhizome” as borrowed from Bateson.

And finally, a decade later again, in Guattari’s sole-authored The Three Ecologies, the central concept is once again developed out of Bateson, and moreover, Guattari gives Bateson the opening epigraph.

I revisit this material not simply out of historical curiosity nor simply to contribute to a gap in the existing understanding of the relations between these important bodies of work. Rather, I argue that reading these texts together today presents significant new openings and new work for us to do, important work pertaining to how we think about ourselves ecologically, and our responses to anthropogenic environmental change and the dangers and possibilities of a conscious political project of ecological planning.

KEYWORDS: Gregory Bateson, Felix Guattari, ecosophy, Three Ecologies, mental ecologies, Ecology of Mind, subjectivity, epistemological error

Citation Data

Author(s): Jon Goodbun
Year: 2022
Title: How Many Ecologies? From Bateson to Guattari and back again
Published in: Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design
Volume: RSD11
Article No.: 130
Host: University of Brighton
Location: Brighton, UK
Symposium Dates: October 3–16, 2022
First published: 22 September 2022
Last update: 30 April 2023
Publisher Identification: ISSN 2371-8404

Copyright Information

Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design (ISSN 2371-8404) are published annually by the Systemic Design Association, a non-profit scholarly association leading the research and practice of design for complex systems: 3803 Tønsberg, Norway (922 275 696).


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