Design as a Tool for Reformation in the Juvenile Justice System through a Participatory Approach

Format: Papers, RSD8, Topic: Culture & Society

Aishwarya Narvekar, Aishwarya Rane, Kamal Dahiya, Pankaj Yadav, and Praveen Nahar

Reformation and rehabilitation of children below 18 years of age who come in conflict with the law are overseen by the Juvenile Justice System in India. (4) The system reinforces “reformation” over deterrence but has been largely inaccessible and lesser-known for long. (3) Through its Children’s Homes, the system aims at reformation but the varying attitudes and lack of sensitization while dealing with children has affected what reformation means.

This paper starts with a look at the reformation in the juvenile justice system through a human-centred lens throwing light on the pain points of stakeholders at multiple stages and challenges to reformation.

It further expands on research methodology led by design. These methods centred around gamifying research process helped greatly to interact with the children in the sensitive environment to build a conducive atmosphere where real insights could be shared. The ability to empathize with the stakeholders and use the design process to identify their needs, prototype and test new frameworks with them gave us an advantage as designers. Through dialogue, workshops and interactive sessions in the homes; the children presented perspectives that questioned the current view of reformation.

The paper concludes with design interventions to make reformation a participatory process led by a child as a contributing element of the society and a model critiquing and questioning aspects of the current system.

Citation Data

Author(s): OCTOBER 2019
Title: Design as a Tool for Reformation in the Juvenile Justice System through a Participatory Approach
Published in: Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design
Article No.:
Symposium Dates:
First published: 4 October 2019
Last update:
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Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design (ISSN 2371-8404) are published annually by the Systemic Design Association, a non-profit scholarly association leading the research and practice of design for complex systems: 3803 Tønsberg, Norway (922 275 696).


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