Thomas Fischer

School of Design, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China

Design PhD research commonly faces conflicting criteria between doing justice to designing (from, systemically speaking, subjective inside perspectives) and doing justice to academic research (subject, systemically speaking, to scrutiny by objective outside criteria). The theory of inquiry presented here takes a cybernetic approach to distinguish different concerns and criteria of design research with reference to applicable systemic boundaries. It aims to facilitate the understanding of and to offer provide strategic risk management guidance for design research inquiries in the presence of conflicts between these concerns and criteria.

KEYWORDS: epistemology, cybernetics, design PhD, research, science, design

Posted September 2022

©­ Author, published by the Systemic Design Association

Open Access article published under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License. This permits anyone to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or form according to the licence terms.

Suggested Citation Format (APA)

Author(s) (20##). Article title. Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD#) Symposium.